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Cyprus information and facts

Travelling Facts

General

Time

+2GMT

Electric Current

220 - 240 Volt

Credit Cards

All major credit cards are widely accepted 

Exchange Rates

See today’s exchange rates section at BuySellCyprus.com

 

 Flight time from  Cyprus to

London 

4h 30 min.

Frankfurt  

3h 30 min.

Moscow 

3h 20 min.

Athens

1h 20 min.

 

Distances from Pafos to

Nicosia 

152 km

Limassol 

72 km

Larnaka 

142 km

Polis 

37 km


Travelling Documents

Entry formalities are very simple. All citizens of EU member countries may enter Cyprus on presentation of their identification card or valid passport only.

Non EU citizens must hold a valid passport and depending on nationality, most must hold a visa. Travellers should hold a return ticket as well as sufficient funds for period of intended stay in Cyprus. Travellers should note that the only legal points of entry into and exit from Cyprus as designated by the Cypriot government are the international airports of Larnaca and Paphos, or the seapoirts of Limassol, Larnaca and Paphos. Visitors arriving at non-designated airports or seaports in the north may not cross the United Nations-patrolled green line to the south, even for transit purposes. Visitors arriving in the designated ports of entry in the south are able to cross into the north, although policies and procedures are subject to sudden change and difficulties may arise.

 

Cyprus People

Population: 754,064 (July 1999 est.)

Age structure:
0-14 years: 24% (male 92,626; female 88,127)
15-64 years: 65% (male 249,083; female 244,750)
65 years and over: 11% (male 34,612; female 44,866) (1999 est.)

Population growth rate: 0.67% (1999 est.)

Birth rate: 13.64 births/1,000 population (1999 est.)

Death rate: 7.42 deaths/1,000 population (1999 est.)

Net migration rate: 0.44 migrant(s)/1,000 population (1999 est.)

Sex ratio:
at birth: 1.05 male(s)/female
under 15 years: 1.05 male(s)/female
15-64 years: 1.02 male(s)/female
65 years and over: 0.77 male(s)/female
total population: 1 male(s)/female (1999 est.)

Infant mortality rate: 7.68 deaths/1,000 live births (1999 est.)

Life expectancy at birth:
total population: 77.1 years
male: 74.91 years
female: 79.39 years (1999 est.)

Total fertility rate: 2 children born/woman (1999 est.)

Nationality:
noun: Cypriot(s)
adjective: Cypriot

Ethnic groups: Greek 78% (99.5% of the Greeks live in the Greek Cypriot area; 0.5% of the Greeks live in the Turkish Cypriot area), Turkish 18% (1.3% of the Turks live in the Greek Cypriot area; 98.7% of the Turks live in the Turkish Cypriot area), other 4% (99.2% of the other ethnic groups live in the Greek Cypriot area; 0.8% of the other ethnic groups live in the Turkish Cypriot area)

Religions: Greek Orthodox 78%, Muslim 18%, Maronite, Armenian Apostolic, and other 4%

Languages: Greek, Turkish, English

Literacy:
definition: age 15 and over can read and write
total population: 94%
male: 98%
female: 91% (1987 est.)

 

Cyprus Geography

Location: Europe, island in the Mediterranean Sea, south of Turkey

Geographic coordinates: 35 00 N, 33 00 E

Map references: Europe

Area:
total: 9,250 sq km (note—of which 3,355 sq km are in the Turkish Cypriot area)
land: 9,240 sq km
water: 10 sq km

Area—comparative: about 0.6 times the size of Connecticut

Land boundaries: 0 km

Coastline: 648 km

Maritime claims:
continental shelf: 200-m depth or to the depth of exploitation
territorial sea: 12 nm

Climate: temperate, Mediterranean with hot, dry summers and cool, wet winters

Terrain: central plain with mountains to north and south; scattered but significant plains along southern coast

Elevation extremes:
lowest point: Mediterranean Sea 0 m
highest point: Olympus 1,952 m

Natural resources: copper, pyrites, asbestos, gypsum, timber, salt, marble, clay earth pigment

Land use:
arable land: 12%
permanent crops: 5%
permanent pastures: 0%
forests and woodland: 13%
other: 70% (1993 est.)

Irrigated land: 390 sq km (1993 est.)

Natural hazards: moderate earthquake activity

Environment—international agreements:
party to: Air Pollution, Biodiversity, Climate Change, Endangered Species, Environmental Modification, Hazardous Wastes, Law of the Sea, Marine Dumping, Nuclear Test Ban, Ozone Layer Protection, Ship Pollution

 

Cyprus Government

Country name:
conventional long form: Republic of Cyprus
conventional short form: Cyprus

Data code: CY

Government type:republic
note: a disaggregation of the two ethnic communities inhabiting the island began after the outbreak of communal strife in 1963; this separation was further solidified following the Turkish intervention in July 1974 following a Greek junta-based coup attempt, which gave the Turkish Cypriots de facto control in the north; Greek Cypriots control the only internationally recognized government; on 15 November 1983 Turkish Cypriot "President" Rauf DENKTASH declared independence and the formation of a "Turkish Republic of Northern Cyprus" (TRNC), which has been recognized only by Turkey; both sides publicly call for the resolution of intercommunal differences and creation of a new federal system of government

Capital:Nicosia
note: the Turkish Cypriot area's capital is Lefkosa (Nicosia)

Administrative divisions: 6 districts; Famagusta, Kyrenia, Larnaca, Limassol, Nicosia, Paphos.

Independence : 16 August 1960 (from UK)

National holiday: Independence Day, 1 October

Legal system: based on common law, with civil law modifications

Suffrage: 18 years of age; universal

Executive branch:
chief of state: President Tassos PAPADOPOULOS (since 1 March 2003); note - the president is both the chief of state and head of government; post of vice president is currently vacant; under the 1960 constitution, the post is reserved for a Turkish Cypriot head of government: President Tassos PAPADOPOULOS (since 1 March 2003); note - the president is both the chief of state and head of government; post of vice president is currently vacant; under the 1960 constitution, the post is reserved for a Turkish Cypriot cabinet: Council of Ministers appointed jointly by the president and vice president elections: president elected by popular vote for a five-year term; election last held 16 February 2003 (next to be held NA February 2008)

election results: Tassos PAPADOPOULOS elected president; percent of vote - Tassos PAPADOPOULOS 51.5%, Glafkos KLIRIDIS 38.8%, Alekos MARKIDIS 6.6%
note: Rauf R. DENKTASH has been "president" of the Turkish Cypriot area since 13 February 1975 ("president" elected by popular vote for a five-year term); elections last held 15 April 2000 (next to be held NA April 2005); results - Rauf R. DENKTASH reelected president after the other contender withdrew; Mehmet Ali TALAT has been "prime minister" of the Turkish Cypriot area since mid-January 2004; there is a Council of Ministers (cabinet) in the Turkish Cypriot area

Legislative branch: House of Representatives or Vouli Antiprosopon (80 seats; 56 assigned to the Greek Cypriots. 24 to Turkish Cypriots; note—only those assigned to Greek Cypriots are filled; members are elected by popular vote to serve five-year terms); Turkish Cypriot area: Assembly of the Republic or Cumhuriyet Meclisi (50 seats; members are elected by popular vote to serve five-year terms)

Judicial branch: Supreme Court, judges are appointed by the Supreme Council of Judicature

International organization participation: Australia Group, C, CE, EBRD, EU (new member), FAO, G-77, IAEA, IBRD, ICAO, ICC, ICCt, ICFTU, IDA, IFAD, IFC, IHO, ILO, IMF, IMO, Interpol, IOC, IOM, ISO, ITU, NAM, NSG, OAS (observer), OPCW, OSCE, PCA, UN, UNCTAD, UNESCO, UNHCR, UNIDO, UPU, WCL, WCO, WFTU, WHO, WIPO, WMO, WToO, WTrO

Flag description:white with a copper-colored silhouette of the island (the name Cyprus is derived from the Greek word for copper) above two green crossed olive branches in the center of the flag; the branches symbolize the hope for peace and reconciliation between the Greek and Turkish communities
note: the Turkish Cypriot flag has a horizontal red stripe at the top and bottom between which is a red crescent and red star on a white field.

 

Cyprus Economy

Economy—overview: The Greek Cypriot economy is prosperous but highly susceptible to external shocks.

Inflation rate (consumer prices): Greek Cypriot area: 4.1% (2003 est.)

Unemployment rate: Greek Cypriot area: 3.4% (2003 est.)

Industries: food, beverages, textiles, chemicals, metal products, tourism,

Agriculture—products: potatoes, citrus, vegetables, barley, grapes, olives, vegetables

Exports: Greek Cypriot area: $1.054 billion f.o.b. (2003 est.)

Exports—commodities: Greek Cypriot area: citrus, potatoes, pharmaceuticals, cement, clothing and cigarettes;

Exports—partners: UK 24.4%, France 11%, Germany 7.2%, Greece6.4% (2003 est.)

Imports: Greek Cypriot area: $4.637 billion f.o.b. (2003 est.)

Imports—commodities: Greek Cypriot area: consumer goods, petroleum and lubricants, intermediate goods, machinery, transport equipment (2003 est.)

Imports—partners: Russia 36.3%, Greece 6.5%, UK 5.3%, Germany 5.2%, Italy 5.1%, France 4.8% (2003 est.)

Currency: Greek Cypriot area: 1 Cypriot pound (£C) = 100 cents;

Exchange rates: check www.buysellcyprus.com

Fiscal year: calendar year

 

Cyprus Communications and Transportation

COMMUNICATIONS

Cyprus ranks third in the world in having modern telecommunications facilities. CYTA (Cyprus Telecommunication Authority) has a network, which enables participants to have direct dial access to over 200 countries. Cyprus telecommunications are among the best in the world - an important factor in establishing the island as an offshore business centre.

Telephone and Postal communication is efficient and reasonably priced. An international call, during cheap rate period which is after 8 pm and all day Sunday, calls costs as low as 16 cents per minute. Mobile telephones are very easily excisable and International rates are very low. Telephone cards can be purchased from Kiosks and Supermarkets and the costs are £CY 3.00, £CY 5.00

Telephones: Greek Cypriot area: 427,400 (2002)

Telephone system: excellent in the Greek Cypriot areas
domestic: open wire, fiber-optic cable, and microwave radio relay
international: tropospheric scatter; 3 coaxial and 5 fiber-optic submarine cables; satellite earth stations—3 Intelsat (1 Atlantic Ocean and 2 Indian Ocean), 2 Eutelsat, 2 Intersputnik, and 1 Arabsat

Radio broadcast stations: Greek Cypriot area: AM 7, FM 60, shortwave 1

Television broadcast stations: Greek Cypriot area: 7 (in addition, there are 35 low-power repeaters)

Internet country code:.cy

Internet hosts: 5,901 (2004)

Internet users: 210,000 (2002)

 

TRANSPORTATION

Excellent communications have contributed to a large extent to the fast development of the island. The two international airports in Larnaca and Pafos as well as the ports in Limassol and Larnaca, connect Cyprus with all countries of the world. More than 40 airlines operate over 260 flights weekly to and from Cyprus. More than 60 charter airlines fly to Cyprus. Both airports of the island are among the most frequented in the Eastern Mediterranean.

Regarding inland communication, driving is on the left in Cyprus and distances between towns are relatively short, covered by a good network of modern roads. The short distances between cities are becoming even shorter due to a motorway network, which is constantly being extended and upgraded. There is public transport service with regular connections between cities, with scheduled taxi services and comfortable coaches. Private taxis and rental cars are readily available.

Railways: 0 km

Highways:
total: Greek Cypriot area: 11,141 km
paved: Greek Cypriot area: 6,428 km
unpaved: Greek Cypriot area: 4,713 km

Ports and harbors: Famagusta, Kyrenia, Larnaca, Limassol, Paphos, Vasilikos Bay

Merchant marine:
total: 1,469 ships (1,000 GRT or over) totaling 23,362,067 GRT/36,945,331 DWT
ships by type: barge carrier 2, bulk 430, cargo 530, chemical tanker 23, combination bulk 42, combination ore/oil 11, container 141, liquefied gas tanker 6, oil tanker 152, passenger 7, refrigerated cargo 58, roll-on/roll-off cargo 49, short-sea passenger 14, specialized tanker 3, vehicle carrier 1
note: a flag of convenience registry; includes ships from 37 countries among which are Greece 611, Germany 129, Russia 49, Latvia 278, Netherlands 20, Japan 28, Cuba 16, China 15, Hong Kong 13, and Poland 15 (1998 est.)

Airports: 17 (2003 est.)

Airports—with paved runways:
total: 13
2,438 to 3,047 m: 7
1,524 to 2,437 m: 2
914 to 1,523 m: 3
under 914 m: 1 (2003 est.)

Airports—with unpaved runways:
total: 4
914 to 1,523 m: 2
under 914 m: 2 (2003 est.)

Heliports: 10 (2003 est.)

 

Standard and Cost of Living

Cyprus provides a fairly high, European level standard of living. The annual per capita income is about US 14,000. The overall cost of living averages about 1/3 to 2/3 of most parts of Europe, Japan or the USA. A recent international poll showed Cyprus towns to have one of the lowest costs of living within a developed nation.

The relatively low cost of living in Cyprus has an added appeal for the potential buyer, offering a full, but comparatively inexpensive lifestyle. Recent statistics pointed to Cyprus as one of the most inexpensive countries in Europe. The local markets flaunt a wealth of colourful fresh fruit and vegetables, meat and fish, and Cyprus' modern supermarkets are fully stocked with a large range of local and imported goods. In fact a recent survey by BuySell Real Estate has shown us that a couple that own a house and a car can live comfortably here in Cyprus on approximately CYP 350 to CYP 450 a month.

The cost of medical treatment in government hospitals is very low. Those wishing to consult doctors privately will find a wide choice of competent doctors, specialists and surgeons practicing on the island. The minimum charge for a private consultation is approximately CYP 10.00.